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3 hours lecture, 3 units

Catalog Description
Centers on various raw materials and chemicals used in industry, examining the changes that occur as they move through the industrial process and understanding the material balance concept of inventory. Discussion of applicable regulations will be included. Topics include the importance of waste minimization/pollution prevention concepts, storm water management, and residential waste generation, reduction and prevention. Students will develop a waste source reduction plan.


Course Objectives
Students will be able to:
1) Describe and evaluate waste stream generation of hazardous materials of selected San Diego industries
2) Prescribe and evaluate waste stream reduction and minimization methods for selected San Diego industries
3) Describe waste stream treatment of hazardous materials of selected San Diego industries
4) Describe and evaluate residential waste streams

Special Materials Required of Student

Minimum Instructional Facilities
Standard classroom

Course Content
1) Introduction to the methods of waste stream analysis
a. Sources of raw materials and their process
b. Fates of materials in industrial processes

   1. Products
   2. Losses: wastes and by-products
c. Energy considerations in the industrial processes
d. Waste stream template

2) Overview of waste minimization/pollution prevention
a. Current federal
b. Current state
c. County waste minimization plans
d. Local governments

3) Electroplating, metal finishing, chemical etching and printed circuit board production
a. Electroplating process
   1. Terminology
   2. Pre-treatment
   3. Electroplating
   4. Post-treatment
   5. Recovery/disposal of wastes
b. Metal finishing
   1. Purposes of metal finishing
   2. Chemicals and their uses in finishing
   3. Disposal of waste process solutions
c. Chemical etching
d. Printed circuit board production
e. Methods for reducing (eliminating) chemical wastes
f. Water conservation techniques
g. Facility planning to prevent pollution catastrophes
h. Case study: Company X

4) General manufacturing
a. Combined processes
b. Importance of trade associations
c. Regulatory considerations
d. Case study

5) Printing and graphic reproduction
a. Printing process
b. Applicable regulations
c. Case study: material balance

6) Auto service industry
a. Overview of process and waste streams
b. Applicable regulations
c. Case study: material balance/minimization
d. Consumers role

7) Biotechnology
a. Overview of process and waste streams
b. Applicable regulations
c. Case study: material balance/minimization
d. Government facilities
e. Private facilities

8) Processes in agriculture
a. Pesticides and their applications
b. Fertilizers and their applications
c. Applicable regulations
d. Reduction of wastes

9) Source reduction programs
a. Overview of plans/programs
b. Developing plans/programs

10) Survey of consumer services industry
a. Auto sales/car washes
b. Dry cleaners/laundromats
c. Painting industry
d. Photo processing
e. Home repair

11) Residential hazardous waste generation/minimization/prevention
a. Applicable regulations
b. Waste generation/reduction/prevention

Method of Instruction
1) Lecture and discussion
2) Class projects
3) Field trips

Method of Evaluation
A grading system will be established by the instructor and implemented uniformly. Grades will be based on demonstrated proficiency in subject matter determined by multiple measurements for evaluation, one of which must be essay exams, skills demonstration or, where appropriate, the symbol system.
1) Attendance
2) Verbal/written communication skills, quizzes, exams
3) Participation
4) Hands-on activities

Texts and References
1) Required: Standard industry materials to be provided
2) Supplemental: None

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